Answered By: Kristin Whitman Last Updated: Sep 21, 2020 Views: 12
Open Educational Resources (OER) are teaching, learning, and research materials that are either (a) in the
public domain or (b) licensed in a manner that provides everyone with free and
perpetual permission to engage in the 5R activities:¹
The 5 Rs:²
- RETAIN – make, own, and control a copy of the resource
- REUSE – use your original, revised, or remixed copy of the resource publicly
- REVISE – edit, adapt, and modify your copy of the resource
- REMIX – combine your original or revised copy of the resource with other existing material to create something new
- REDISTRIBUTE – share copies of your original, revised, or remixed copy of the resource with other
Navigate our library's online guide about OER and Creative Commons
Curious? Search or browse the Open Textbook Library to check out some examples of open textbooks.
Quick Guide to Creative Commons Licenses for Open Educational Resources (OER)
Applying a Creative Commons (CC) license to your original work changes its copyright status from “All Rights Reserved” to “Some Rights Reserved” (or no rights reserved in the case of CC0). The following chart illustrates the permissions, requirements, and restrictions of the six CC licenses, from the least restrictive to the most restrictive. The first five licenses identify a resource as an OER. If a work has one of the latter two licenses, it may still be used in the ways described in this chart but it is not considered an OER.
OER Graphic Image source: Markus Büsges (leomaria design) für Wikimedia Deutschland e. V. / CC BY-SA (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)
²This work by D’Arcy Hutchings is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Modified from a chart in “Open and Editable” (in Virginia Libraries, https://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/VALib/v61_n1/walz.html) by Anita Walz, CC BY. Modifications were inspired by portions of Taking OER Mainstream, by Cable Green, CC-BY 4.0.
This FAQ page created by Kristin Whitman is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Note that other pages may have different attributions.